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Brief Report: Innate lymphoid cells and T-cells contribute to the IL-17A signature detected in the synovial fluid of patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Rosser, EC; Lom, H; Bending, D; Duurland, CL; Bajaj-Elliott, M; Wedderburn, LR; (2018) Brief Report: Innate lymphoid cells and T-cells contribute to the IL-17A signature detected in the synovial fluid of patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatology 10.1002/art.40731. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that aberrant function of innate lymphoid cells (ILC), whose functional and transcriptional profile overlap with T helper (Th) cell subsets, contribute to immune-mediated pathologies. To date, analysis of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) immune-pathology has concentrated on the contribution of CD4+ T-cells; we have previously identified an expansion of Th17 cells within the synovial fluid (SF) of JIA patients. Here, we extend this analysis to investigate a role for ILC and other IL-17 producing T-cell subsets. METHODS: ILC and CD3+ T-cell subsets were defined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) (healthy adult, healthy child and JIA patients) and JIA SF mononuclear cells (SFMC) using flow cytometry. Defined subsets in SFMC were correlated with clinical measures including physician's visual analogue scale (VAS), active joint count and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Transcription factor and cytokine profiles of sorted ILC were assessed by qPCR. RESULTS: Group 1 ILC (ILC1), NKp44-group 3 ILC (NCR-ILC3) and NKp44+group 3 ILC (NCR+ILC3) were enriched in the JIA-SFMC compared to PBMC, which corresponded with an increase in transcripts for TBX21, IFNG and IL17A. Of the ILC subsets, NCR-ILC3 frequency in JIA-SFMC displayed the strongest positive association with clinical measures which was mirrored by an expansion in IL-17A+CD4+, IL-17A+CD8+ and IL-17A+γδ T-cells. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate that the strength of the IL-17A signature in JIA-SFMC is determined by multiple lymphoid cell-types, including NCR-ILC3, IL-17A+CD4+, IL-17A+CD8+ and IL-17A+γδ T-cells. These observations may have important implications for the development of stratified therapeutics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Brief Report: Innate lymphoid cells and T-cells contribute to the IL-17A signature detected in the synovial fluid of patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/art.40731
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/art.40731
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Infection, Immunity and Inflammation Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060741
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