UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Representation learning for anomaly detection in computer vision

Andrews, Jerone Theodore Alexander; (2018) Representation learning for anomaly detection in computer vision. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
phd - thesis - jandrews.pdf

Download (107MB) | Preview

Abstract

This thesis is a collection of three engineering-based research contributions, aiming to detect anomalous images, without a priori knowledge of the anomaly class. However, devising discriminative data representations in such settings is patently problematic. Obviating the need for explicit prior domain knowledge, this work roots itself in representation learning, using deep convolutional neural networks, charged with solving pseudo tasks. To begin, we investigate unsupervised auto-associative sparse dictionary learning to infer a set of basic elements. Significantly, we show that these elements are not unique to the training data and can be utilised for the faithful reconstruction of anomalous images. Furthermore, we highlight that encoded representations do not always improve upon those in raw pixel space. Moving away from reconstructive-based approaches, in our second contribution, we propose a novel deep distance metric learning approach, generating freely available supervisory signals that exist within visual data. Importantly, we demonstrate that the learnt appearance features can be effectively combined with generic pretrained image representations. Finally, premised on the notion that learning to recognise one kind of object assists with identifying another, we explore supervised inductive transfer learning. Representations are induced by learning to discriminate between different sub-concepts of the normal data, using fine-grained semantic labels. By forming a distribution over the sub-concepts of the normal class, we are able to detect previously unseen samples that deviate from the overarching concept. Notably, we show that current out-of-distribution detectors which utilise the maximum softmax probability, as an anomaly score, are incapable of illuminating the similarity of a novel sample to a universal concept of normality.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Representation learning for anomaly detection in computer vision
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Computer Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10060443
Downloads since deposit
51Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item