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A Formal Valuation Framework for Emotions and Their Control

Huys, QJM; Renz, D; (2017) A Formal Valuation Framework for Emotions and Their Control. Biological Psychiatry , 82 (6) pp. 413-420. 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.07.003. Green open access

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Abstract

Computational psychiatry aims to apply mathematical and computational techniques to help improve psychiatric care. To achieve this, the phenomena under scrutiny should be within the scope of formal methods. As emotions play an important role across many psychiatric disorders, such computational methods must encompass emotions. Here, we consider formal valuation accounts of emotions. We focus on the fact that the flexibility of emotional responses and the nature of appraisals suggest the need for a model-based valuation framework for emotions. However, resource limitations make plain model-based valuation impossible and require metareasoning strategies to apportion cognitive resources adaptively. We argue that emotions may implement such metareasoning approximations by restricting the range of behaviors and states considered. We consider the processes that guide the deployment of the approximations, discerning between innate, model-free, heuristic, and model-based controllers. A formal valuation and metareasoning framework may thus provide a principled approach to examining emotions.

Type: Article
Title: A Formal Valuation Framework for Emotions and Their Control
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.07.003
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.07.003
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 Society of Biological Psychiatry. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Keywords: Computational psychiatry, Decision making, Emotion regulation, Emotions, Model based, Reinforcement learning, Animals, Computer Simulation, Emotional Intelligence, Emotions, Executive Function, Humans, Mental Disorders, Models, Psychological
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10058790
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