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Aβ₄₂/Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₄₂/Aβ₃₈ Ratios Are Associated with Measures of Gait Variability and Activities of Daily Living in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease: A Pilot Study

Koychev, I; Galna, B; Zetterberg, H; Lawson, J; Zamboni, G; Ridha, BH; Rowe, JB; ... Rochester, L; + view all (2018) Aβ₄₂/Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₄₂/Aβ₃₈ Ratios Are Associated with Measures of Gait Variability and Activities of Daily Living in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease: A Pilot Study. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease , 65 (4) pp. 1377-1383. 10.3233/JAD-180622. Green open access

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Abstract

Gait disturbances are some of the earliest changes in dementia and their monitoring presents an opportunity for early diagnosis. The exact relationship between gait and well-established biomarkers of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains to be clarified. In this study we compared gait-related measures with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of AD pathology. We recruited seventeen participants with mild AD in a multi-site study and performed gait assessment as well as lumbar punctures to obtain CSF. CSF Aβ₄₂/Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₄₂/Aβ₃₈ correlated positively with measures of variability (step time and step length) in the clinic-based assessments. This was driven by a negative relationship between gait variability and Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₃₈ but not Aβ₄₂. The amyloid ratios and gait variability measures were also associated with more severe functional impairment. We interpret these data as an indication that increasing amyloid production (i.e., increasing Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₃₈) is associated with diminishing cognitive-motor control of gait. These preliminary results suggest that the two amyloid ratios may be a marker of the earliest disturbances in the interplay between cognitive and motor control which characterize dementia.

Type: Article
Title: Aβ₄₂/Aβ₄₀ and Aβ₄₂/Aβ₃₈ Ratios Are Associated with Measures of Gait Variability and Activities of Daily Living in Mild Alzheimer’s Disease: A Pilot Study
Location: Netherlands
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3233/JAD-180622
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-180622
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 – IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved. This article is published online with Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Keywords: Alzheimer’s disease, amyloid, biomarkers, cerebrospinal fluid proteins, gait
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology > Neurodegenerative Diseases
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10057611
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