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The Late Neandertal permanent lower left third premolar from Walou Cave (Trooz, Belgium) and its context

Toussaint, M; Verna, C; Le Cabec, A; Gomez-Robles, A; Draily, C; Richards, MP; Pirson, S; (2017) The Late Neandertal permanent lower left third premolar from Walou Cave (Trooz, Belgium) and its context. American Journal of Physical Anthropology , 164 (1) pp. 193-202. 10.1002/ajpa.23252. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives We describe a hominin permanent lower left third premolar unearthed in 1997 at Walou Cave (Belgium), found in direct association with a Mousterian lithic industry, in a layer directly dated to 40–38,000 years BP. Materials and methods The taxonomical attribution of the tooth is addressed through comparative morphometric analyses, and stable isotope analyses aimed at determining the diet of the individual. Results The Walou P3 plots within the Neandertal range of variation and is significantly different from recent modern humans in all morphometric assessments. The isotope data showed that like other Neandertals, the Walou individual acquired its dietary proteins primarily from terrestrial food sources. Discussion We discuss the implications of the existence of a clearly Neandertal premolar dating to the period of the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in the Meuse river basin.

Type: Article
Title: The Late Neandertal permanent lower left third premolar from Walou Cave (Trooz, Belgium) and its context
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23252
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23252
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Anthropology, Evolutionary Biology, diet, MIS 3, Mousterian, Neandertal, tooth, MODERN HUMANS, EUROPE, MIDDLE, MORPHOLOGY, HOMININS, REMAINS, GROTTE, RENNE, HOMO
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Anthropology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10056787
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