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Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety, Depression and Trauma Symptoms: The Role of the Parent-Child Relationship and Family Context Factors

Beaumont, Danielle; (2018) Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety, Depression and Trauma Symptoms: The Role of the Parent-Child Relationship and Family Context Factors. Doctoral thesis (D.Clin.Psy), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The overall focus of the thesis is the role of parent-child relationship factors and family context factors and their relationship to childhood and adolescent mental health, specifically depression, anxiety and trauma symptoms. Part one is a meta-analysis exploring the association between witnessing intimate partner violence and trauma symptoms in children and adolescents. The meta-analysis reviewed 49 studies and considered whether the magnitude of the association varied across a number of moderator variables. Part two of the thesis reports findings from a longitudinal study designed to explore how parent-child relationship factors, namely parenting sensitivity and attachment, affected the development of child and adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms using archived data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Latent growth curve modelling was used to examine the association between these parent-child relationship factors and the development of child and adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms. In addition, the study examined whether family context factors moderated this relationship, namely, parental depression and anxiety, negative life events and the interparental relationship. Part three is a critical appraisal of the research process which: situated the researcher’s context within the area; explored the benefits and challenges of working with a large archived dataset; considered the arbitrary classification of the p-value and its contribution when interpreting results; and reflected on the implications of the study findings for future research and clinical practice.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: D.Clin.Psy
Title: Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety, Depression and Trauma Symptoms: The Role of the Parent-Child Relationship and Family Context Factors
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10056544
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