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End-to-end deep learning of optical fiber communications

Karanov, BP; Chagnon, M; Thouin, F; Eriksson, T; Buelow, H; Lavery, D; Bayvel, P; (2018) End-to-end deep learning of optical fiber communications. IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology 10.1109/JLT.2018.2865109. Green open access

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Abstract

In this paper, we implement an optical fiber communication system as an end-to-end deep neural network, including the complete chain of transmitter, channel model, and receiver. This approach enables the optimization of the transceiver in a single end-to-end process. We illustrate the benefits of this method by applying it to intensity modulation/direct detection (IM/DD) systems and show that we can achieve bit error rates below the 6.7% hard-decision forward error correction (HD-FEC) threshold. We model all componentry of the transmitter and receiver, as well as the fiber channel, and apply deep learning to find transmitter and receiver configurations minimizing the symbol error rate. We propose and verify in simulations a training method that yields robust and flexible transceivers that allow-without reconfiguration-reliable transmission over a large range of link dispersions. The results from end-to-end deep learning are successfully verified for the first time in an experiment. In particular, we achieve information rates of 42 Gb/s below the HD-FEC threshold at distances beyond 40 km. We find that our results outperform conventional IM/DD solutions based on 2 and 4 level pulse amplitude modulation (PAM2/PAM4) with feedforward equalization (FFE) at the receiver. Our study is the first step towards end-to-end deep learning-based optimization of optical fiber communication systems.

Type: Article
Title: End-to-end deep learning of optical fiber communications
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2018.2865109
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2018.2865109
Language: English
Additional information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055423
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