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The Effects of the Transition from Home-based Childcare to Childcare Centers on Children's Health and Development in Colombia

Bernal, R; Attanasio, O; Peña, X; Vera-Hernández, M; (2019) The Effects of the Transition from Home-based Childcare to Childcare Centers on Children's Health and Development in Colombia. Early Childhood Research Quarterly , 47 pp. 418-431. 10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.08.005. Green open access

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Abstract

Colombia’s national early childhood strategy launched in 2011 aimed at improving the quality of childcare services offered to socio-economically vulnerable children, and included the possibility that children and their childcare providers could transfer from nonparental family daycare units to large childcare centers in urban areas. This study seeks to understand whether the offer to transfer and the actual transfer from one program to the other had an impact on child cognitive and socioemotional development, and nutrition, using a cluster-randomized control trial with a sample of 2,767 children between the ages of 6 and 60 months located in 14 cities in Colombia. The results indicate a negative effect of this initiative on cognitive development, a positive effect on nutrition and no statistically significant effect of the intervention on socioemotional development. We also explored the extent to which these impacts might be explained by differences in the quality of both services during the transition, and report that quality indicators are low in both programs but are significantly worse in centers compared to community nurseries.

Type: Article
Title: The Effects of the Transition from Home-based Childcare to Childcare Centers on Children's Health and Development in Colombia
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.08.005
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.08.005
Language: English
Additional information: Open Access under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Keywords: Colombia, child development, home-based childcare, center-based childcare, poverty, nutrition
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10055251
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