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Arms and the English State, 1660-1664

Deluna, DeAnn; (2018) Arms and the English State, 1660-1664. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London).

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This thesis recovers a parliamentary struggle over English taxation which erupted at the 1660 Convention parliament that welcomed Charles II back from exile. It lasted until the eve of the second Anglo-Dutch War of 1665-67. At its centre lay a complex and shifting legislative initiative for preserving England’s naval transformation of the 1650s: the ‘Supply Acts’ for granting statutory taxes to support a strong and durable royal navy. Sponsored by King Charles and his parliamentary servants, this legislation met a hostile response in scribal and print publications that advanced a rival military agenda. The most prolific author of this offensive was the lawyer and intellectual Fabian Philipps. Caricatured by modern historians as an eccentric on a mad quest to restore England’s equestrian caste to its ancient glory and prestige, he has been dismissed as a feudal anachronism. This thesis situates his views within a fresh interpretive framework and a newly reconstructed historical setting, permitting us to appreciate that the final outcome of the contest over taxation had the long-term consequence of proportionately reducing the traditional discretionary violence of the caste. Through close attention to Philipps’ work in these contexts, a case study of state monopolization of violence is furnished.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: Arms and the English State, 1660-1664
Event: UCL (University College London)
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of History
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10054771
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