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Processing Relative Clauses Across Comprehension and Production: Similarities and Differences

Santi, AN; Grillo, N; Molimpakis, E; Wagner, M; (2019) Processing Relative Clauses Across Comprehension and Production: Similarities and Differences. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience , 34 (2) 10.1080/23273798.2018.1513539. Green open access

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Abstract

We compare the processing of relative clauses in comprehension (self-paced reading) and production (planned production). We manipulated the locality of two syntactic dependencies: filler-gap (subject vs object gap) and subject-verb (center-embedded vs right-branched). The non-local filler-gap dependency resulted in a longer embedded predicate duration, across domains, consistent with memory-based accounts. For the non-local subject-verb dependency, we observe longer reading times at the main verb, but in production a greater likelihood and duration of a pause preceding the main verb. We argue that this result stems from the cost of computing the restriction, which manifests as a prosodic break. In the context of the subject-verb dependency manipulation, we also revisit the source of interpretation break-down in multiple center-embedding. Generally, our findings imply that memory-based accounts are adequate for filler-gap, but not subject-verb, dependencies and production studies can aid in understanding complexity effects.

Type: Article
Title: Processing Relative Clauses Across Comprehension and Production: Similarities and Differences
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/23273798.2018.1513539
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1080/23273798.2018.1513539
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: relative clause, memory, production, comprehension, syntactic dependency
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Linguistics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053874
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