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Model-Based Comparative Evaluation of Building and District Control-Oriented Energy Retrofit Scenarios

De Tommasi, L; Ridouane, H; Giannakis, G; Katsigarakis, K; Lilis, GN; Rovas, D; (2018) Model-Based Comparative Evaluation of Building and District Control-Oriented Energy Retrofit Scenarios. Buildings , 8 (7) , Article 91. 10.3390/buildings8070091. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper presents work undertaken as part of the European H2020 project OptEEmAL (Optimized Energy Efficient Design Platform for Refurbishment at District Level), toward development of a decision-support platform for building and district refurbishment interventions. We describe a methodology for generation and evaluation of refurbishment scenarios for building and districts with particular emphasis on “active” energy conservation measures (i.e., installation or replacement of heating, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) systems) and related controls. The impact of HVAC and controls on energy and economic key performance indicators are usually neglected or very simplified in existing energy simulation tools. We apply a model-based approach to evaluate key-performance indicators related to energy consumption and energy costs in buildings and districts, such that possible refurbishment alternatives can be easily evaluated, thereby showing how a smart decision support tool will allow stakeholders to compare multiple alternatives quickly. By considering relevant case studies at building and district level, including refurbishment of heating and cooling plants, we highlight, in a simulation-based study, how the deployment of efficiency-based controls enable significant energy savings thanks to the exploitation of the model-based approach. This way, additional motivations for energy savings and ultimately for new investments in energy-related technologies are provided.

Type: Article
Title: Model-Based Comparative Evaluation of Building and District Control-Oriented Energy Retrofit Scenarios
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3390/buildings8070091
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings8070091
Language: English
Additional information: © 2018 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Keywords: retrofitting, decision support, energy conservation measures, building control, chiller scheduling, boiler control
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > Bartlett School Env, Energy and Resources
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10053777
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