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ANÁLISIS ESPACIAL DEL SOBREPESO Y LA OBESIDAD INFANTIL EN EL PERÚ, 2014/Spatial analysis of childhood obesity and overweight in Peru, 2014

Hernández-Vásquez, A; Bendezú-Quispe, G; Díaz-Seijas, D; Santero, M; Minckas, N; Azañedo, D; Antiporta, DA; (2016) ANÁLISIS ESPACIAL DEL SOBREPESO Y LA OBESIDAD INFANTIL EN EL PERÚ, 2014/Spatial analysis of childhood obesity and overweight in Peru, 2014. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública , 33 (3) pp. 489-497. 10.17843/rpmesp.2016.333.2298. Green open access

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Abstract

Objectives.: To estimate regional prevalence and identify the spatial patterns of the degree of overweight and obesity by districts in under five years children in Peru during 2014. Materials and methods.: Analysis of the information reported by the Information System Nutritional Status (SIEN) of the number of cases of overweight and obesity in children under five years recorded during 2014. Regional prevalence for overweight and obesity, and their respective confidence intervals to 95% were calculated. Moran index was used to determine patterns of grouping districts with high prevalence of overweight and/or obesity. Results.: Data from 1834 districts and 2,318,980 children under five years were analyzed. 158,738 cases (6.84%; CI 95%: 6.81 to 6.87) were overweight, while 56,125 (2.42%; CI 95%: 2.40 to 2.44) obesity. The highest prevalence of overweight were identified in the regions of Tacna (13.9%), Moquegua (11.8%), Callao (10.4%), Lima (10.2%) and Ica (9.3%), and in the same regions for obesity with 5.3%; 4.3%; 4.0%; 4.0% and 3.8% respectively. The spatial analysis found grouping districts of high prevalence in 10% of all districts for both overweight and obesity, identifying 199 districts for overweight (126 urban and 73 rural), and 184 for obesity (136 urban and 48 rural). Conclusions.: The highest prevalence of overweight and obesity were identified in the Peruvian coast regions. Moreover, these regions are predominantly exhibited a spatial clustering of districts with high prevalence of overweight and obesity.

Type: Article
Title: ANÁLISIS ESPACIAL DEL SOBREPESO Y LA OBESIDAD INFANTIL EN EL PERÚ, 2014/Spatial analysis of childhood obesity and overweight in Peru, 2014
Location: Peru
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.17843/rpmesp.2016.333.2298
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.333.2298
Language: Spanish
Additional information: Copyright 2017 Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Todos los derechos reservados El contenido de este sitio es para todos los interesados en ciencias de la salud. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed
Keywords: Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Male, Overweight, Pediatric Obesity, Peru, Prevalence
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10052932
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