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Botulinum toxin chemodenervation for childhood strabismus in England: National and local patterns of practice

Solebo, AL; Austin, A-M; Theodorou, M; Timms, C; Hancox, J; Adams, GGW; (2018) Botulinum toxin chemodenervation for childhood strabismus in England: National and local patterns of practice. PLoS One , 13 (6) , Article e0199074. 10.1371/journal.pone.0199074. Green open access

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin injection chemodenervation is a well-established intervention for adult strabismus, and has also been recognised as an effective alternative to routine incisional surgery for paediatric disease. We aimed to investigate the temporal patterns of practice, indications and outcomes of chemodenervation for paediatric strabismus at national and tertiary centre level. METHODS: Retrospective study using routinely collected patient data: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data were used to identify children undergoing non-incisional strabismus procedures in England from 2007 to 2016. Single-centre retrospective data on children undergoing botulinum toxin injections (Dysport® 2.5 units/ 0.1ml) as an isolated intervention (not involving incisional procedures) was undertaken to identify indications and outcomes. Successful outcome was defined as deviation <11 prism dioptres (PD). RESULTS: Between 2007 and 2016, there was no increase in the proportion of childhood strabismus involving non-incisional procedures. Amongst 150 children undergoing chemodenervation for strabismus within the tertiary centre, the most common diagnoses were acute onset esotropia (n = 34), infantile esotropia (n = 16) and consecutive exotropia (n = 15). Median age at injection was 8.5 years (range 0.9-15 years), and median follow up 12 months (6 months-11 years). Success rates differed by diagnosis, from 66% (non or partially accommodative esotropia) to 0% (congenital cranial disorders). Adverse events were seen in 62/150, 41%, most commonly transient ptosis (39%, n = 58). Overcorrection was seen in 14/119, 13%. Mild subconjunctival haemorrhage (n = 2) was the only other adverse event. CONCLUSIONS: Botulinum toxin for childhood strabismus has an acceptable safety profile, and considerable potential therapeutic benefit. However, nationally there has been no increased uptake of chemodenervation non-incisional procedures. Further prospective studies are necessary to understand the predictors of outcome within the separate clinical subgroups, to guide clinical decision making.

Type: Article
Title: Botulinum toxin chemodenervation for childhood strabismus in England: National and local patterns of practice
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0199074
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199074
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018 Solebo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > Population, Policy and Practice Dept
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10050541
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