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Hypertension awareness, treatment and control in Ghana: a cross-sectional study

Sanuade, OA; Awuah, RB; Kushitor, M; (2018) Hypertension awareness, treatment and control in Ghana: a cross-sectional study. Ethnicity & Health pp. 1-15. 10.1080/13557858.2018.1439898. (In press). Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the rates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control as well as the socio-economic and demographic correlates in Ghana. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. We used wave 1 of the World Health Organization (WHO) Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) conducted between 2007and 2008. The sample was 5526 respondents aged 18 years and above. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the characteristics of the respondents and binary logistic regression was used to determine the correlates of hypertension awareness, treatment and control. RESULTS: The hypertension prevalence was 58.9%. About 19.0% of the individuals living with hypertension were aware of their hypertension; 67.6% of those who were aware of their hypertension were treating the condition, and; 11.6% of those who were on treatment had their hypertension controlled. Age, place of residence, level of education, employment status, ethnicity, and religion were associated with hypertension awareness and treatment. None of the factors was associated with hypertension control. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests high hypertension prevalence in Ghana, with low rates of awareness, treatment and control. Socio-economic and demographic factors are essential correlates of hypertension awareness and treatment in Ghana. The findings indicate the need to develop pragmatic intervention approaches such as rigorous education programs and use of the task-shifting system, in addressing hypertension and issues related to it.

Type: Article
Title: Hypertension awareness, treatment and control in Ghana: a cross-sectional study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2018.1439898
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2018.1439898
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Ghana, Socio-demographic, awareness, control, hypertension, socio-economic, treatment
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10048685
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