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Investigation into factors affecting the mechanical behaviours of a patient-specific vertebral body replacement

Wang, L; Kang, J; Shi, L; Fu, J; Li, D; Guo, Z; Liu, C; ... Jiang, X; + view all (2018) Investigation into factors affecting the mechanical behaviours of a patient-specific vertebral body replacement. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine , 232 (4) pp. 378-387. 10.1177/0954411918754926. Green open access

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Abstract

Most vertebral body implants that are currently designed and produced in batches have difficulty meeting the patient-specific demands. Moreover, several complications, including a low fusion rate, subsidence occurrence, and rod displacement, are associated with these implants. This study aims to investigate the effects of patient-specific geometric and clinical parameters on the biomechanics of a vertebral body replacement. A three-dimensional patient-specific vertebral body replacement model was established as the basic model for parametric studies, including the anatomic design of the endplates, tilting angle, thickness, and dislocation of the vertebral body implant. A finite element analysis was applied to determine the stress distribution of the vertebral body implant when under various loading conditions. The model with an anatomical interfacing design generates 75% less stress concentration compared to a flat design; the peak stress of the model with a tilted angle closely matching the replaced vertebra segment is decreased by 30%; and the thickness close to the cortical bone can offer better bone growth capability and long-term stability. Patient-specific geometrical parameters were found to significantly affect the biomechanics of a vertebral body replacement, and therefore, a design customized especially for the endplates is necessary for better stability and long-term longevity of the prostheses. Regardless of such progress, how to balance the stability of a vertebral body implant and the safety of the peripheral nervous system remains a clinical challenge.

Type: Article
Title: Investigation into factors affecting the mechanical behaviours of a patient-specific vertebral body replacement
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1177/0954411918754926
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1177/0954411918754926
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Vertebral body replacement, bone graft fusion, finite element analysis, patient-specific design, subsidence
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10048253
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