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Dynamic facial expressions of emotions are discriminated at birth

Addabbo, M; Longhi, E; Marchis, IC; Tagliabue, P; Turati, C; (2018) Dynamic facial expressions of emotions are discriminated at birth. PLoS ONE , 13 (3) , Article e0193868. 10.1371/journal.pone.0193868. Green open access

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Abstract

The ability to discriminate between different facial expressions is fundamental since the first stages of postnatal life. The aim of this study is to investigate whether 2-days-old newborns are capable to discriminate facial expressions of emotions as they naturally take place in everyday interactions, that is in motion. When two dynamic displays depicting a happy and a disgusted facial expression were simultaneously presented (i.e., visual preference paradigm), newborns did not manifest any visual preference (Experiment 1). Nonetheless, after being habituated to a happy or disgusted dynamic emotional expression (i.e., habituation paradigm), newborns successfully discriminated between the two (Experiment 2). These results indicate that at birth newborns are sensitive to dynamic faces expressing emotions.

Type: Article
Title: Dynamic facial expressions of emotions are discriminated at birth
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193868
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193868
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright: © 2018 Addabbo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047875
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