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On Detection and Ranking Methods for a Distributed Radio-Frequency Sensor Network: Theory and Algorithmic Implementation

Browning, James Paul; (2018) On Detection and Ranking Methods for a Distributed Radio-Frequency Sensor Network: Theory and Algorithmic Implementation. Doctoral thesis (Ph.D), UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

A theoretical foundation for pre-detection fusion of sensors is needed if the United States Air Force is to ever field a system of distributed and layered sensors that can detect and perform parameter estimation of complex, extended targets in difficult interference environments, without human intervention, in near real-time. This research is relevant to the United States Air Force within its layered sensing and cognitive radar/sensor initiatives. The asymmetric threat of the twenty-first century introduces stressing sensing conditions that may exceed the ability of traditional monostatic sensing systems to perform their required intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. In particular, there is growing interest within the United States Air Force to move beyond single sensor sensing systems, and instead begin fielding and leveraging distributed sensing systems to overcome the inherent challenges imposed by the modern threat space. This thesis seeks to analyze the impact of integrating target echoes in the angular domain, to determine if better detection and ranking performance is achieved through the use of a distributed sensor network. Bespoke algorithms are introduced for detection and ranking ISR missions leveraging a distributed network of radio-frequency sensors: the first set of bespoke algorithms area based upon a depth-based nonparametric detection algorithm, which is to shown to enhance the recovery of targets under lower signal-to-noise ratios than an equivalent monostatic radar system; the second set of bespoke algorithms are based upon random matrix theoretic and concentration of measure mathematics, and demonstrated to outperform the depth-based nonparametric approach. This latter approach shall be shown to be effective across a broad range of signal-to-noise ratios, both positive and negative.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Qualification: Ph.D
Title: On Detection and Ranking Methods for a Distributed Radio-Frequency Sensor Network: Theory and Algorithmic Implementation
Event: UCL (University College London)
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10047710
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