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Evidence summary: The relationship between oral diseases and diabetes

D'Aiuto, F; Gable, D; Syed, Z; Allen, Y; Wanyonyi, KL; White, S; Gallagher, JE; (2017) Evidence summary: The relationship between oral diseases and diabetes. British Dental Journal , 222 (12) pp. 944-948. 10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.544. Green open access

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Abstract

Introduction This paper is the third of four rapid reviews undertaken to explore the relationships between oral health and general medical conditions in order to support teams within Public Health England, health practitioners and policymakers.Aims This review aimed to explore the nature of the association between poor oral health and diabetes when found in the same individuals or populations, having reviewed the most contemporary evidence in the field.Methods The reviews were undertaken by four groups each comprising consultant clinicians from medicine and dentistry, trainees, public health and academics. The methodology involved a streamlined rapid review process and synthesis of the findings.Results The results identified a number of systematic reviews of low to high quality suggesting that diabetes is associated with periodontal disease, tooth loss, and oral cancer in particular, and that the management of oral diseases, most notably periodontal care, has a short-term beneficial influence on metabolic outcomes related to diabetes; however, there is no evidence that this is sustained over the long-term and reduces the prevalence of the long-term complications.Conclusion Current evidence, of mixed quality, suggests a number of ass ociations between oral diseases and diabetes mellitus (diabetes). Further high quality research is required in this field.

Type: Article
Title: Evidence summary: The relationship between oral diseases and diabetes
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.544
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.544
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Eastman Dental Institute > Restorative Dental Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10046463
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