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Mechanisms of autogenous shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash-slag pastes cured at ambient temperature within 24 h

Fang, G; Bahrami, H; Zhang, M; (2018) Mechanisms of autogenous shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash-slag pastes cured at ambient temperature within 24 h. Construction and Building Materials , 171 pp. 377-387. 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.155. Green open access

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Abstract

This paper aims to provide a better understanding of autogenous shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash-slag (AAFS) pastes at very early age (<24 h). The autogenous shrinkage of AAFS pastes with 10%, 20% and 30% slag replacement ratios of fly ash is measured. The results show that increasing the slag content in AAFS pastes would accelerate the chemical reaction process and cause a higher autogenous shrinkage and chemical shrinkage. The autogenous shrinkage of AAFS pastes in the liquid stage (from 0 h to initial setting time) is caused by chemical shrinkage, which arises from the absolute volume reduction of reaction products comparing with the original volume of unreacted binder. This phenomenon is similar to that found in Portland cement (PC) systems. Nevertheless, in hardening stage (from final setting time to 24 h) the autogenous shrinkage may be not fully attributed to the self-desiccation process that occurs in PC systems. Some other reactions including the continuous reorganization and rearrangement of aluminosilicate gel structure may also contribute to the development of autogenous shrinkage. In addition, the autogenous shrinkage in early 24 h occurs mainly due to volume contraction by chemical shrinkage in fresh state, which occupies approximately 70% of total autogenous shrinkage.

Type: Article
Title: Mechanisms of autogenous shrinkage of alkali-activated fly ash-slag pastes cured at ambient temperature within 24 h
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.155
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.03.155
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This isan open access article under the CCBY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Keywords: Alkali-activated cement,Shrinkage,Isothermal reaction kinetics,Microstructure,Pore size distribution
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10046222
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