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Analysis of hedgehog signaling in periocular sebaceous carcinoma

Bladen, JC; Moosajee, M; Tracey-White, D; Beaconsfield, M; O'Toole, EA; Philpott, MP; (2018) Analysis of hedgehog signaling in periocular sebaceous carcinoma. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology , 256 (4) pp. 853-860. 10.1007/s00417-018-3900-5. Green open access

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Abstract

PURPOSE: Sebaceous carcinoma (SC) is a clinical masquerader of benign conditions resulting in significant eye morbidity, sometimes leading to extensive surgical treatment including exenteration, and even mortality. Little is known about the genetic or molecular basis of SC. This study identifies the involvement of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling in periocular SC. METHODS: Fifteen patients with periocular SC patients were compared to 15 patients with eyelid nodular basal cell carcinoma (nBCC; a known Hh tumor), alongside four normal individuals as a control for physiological Hh expression. Expression of Patched 1 (PTCH1), Smoothened (SMO), and glioma-associated zinc transcription factors (Gli1 and Gli2) were assessed in histological sections using immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence (IF) techniques. Antibody specificity was verified using Western-blot analysis of a Gli1 over-expressed cancer cell line, LNCaP-Gli1. Semi-quantification compared tumors and control tissue using IF analysis by ImageJ software. RESULTS: Expression of the Hh pathway was observed in SC for all four major components of the pathway. PTCH1, SMO, and Gli2 were more significantly upregulated in SC (P < 0.01) compared to nBCC. Stromal expression of PTCH1 and Gli2 was observed in SC (P < 0.01). In contrast, stromal expression of these proteins in nBCC was similar or down-regulated compared to physiological Hh controls. CONCLUSIONS: The Hh signaling pathway is significantly more upregulated in periocular SC compared to nBCC, a known aberrant Hh pathway tumor. Furthermore, the stroma of the SC demonstrated Hh upregulation, in particular Gli2, compared to nBCC. Targeting of this pathway may be a potential treatment strategy for SC.

Type: Article
Title: Analysis of hedgehog signaling in periocular sebaceous carcinoma
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00417-018-3900-5
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-018-3900-5
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright © The Author(s) 2018. Open Access: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Hedgehog pathway, Immunofluorescence, Sebaceous carcinoma, Stroma
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10044896
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