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The Positive Psychology Outcome Measure (PPOM) for people with dementia: Psychometric properties and factor structure

Stoner, CR; Orrell, M; Spector, A; (2018) The Positive Psychology Outcome Measure (PPOM) for people with dementia: Psychometric properties and factor structure. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics , 76 pp. 182-187. 10.1016/j.archger.2018.03.001. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To conduct an in-depth psychometric assessment of the PPOM; a measure of hope and resilience. METHOD: An observational study at five NHS trusts across England. Participants either completed the study using self-complete or interview led procedures, dependent on their preference. Assessments were internal consistency, floor and ceiling effects, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and factor structure. RESULTS: 225 participants were recruited and completed the study, with a subsample of 48 comprising the test-retest sample. Internal consistency was excellent α = .94, and significant correlations were observed between quality of life (r = .627, p < .001), depression (r = −.699, p < .001) and the Control, Autonomy, Self-realisation and Pleasure Scale (CASP-19; r = .73, p < .001). The PPOM remained moderately stable over a one week period (ICC: 880) and factor analyses indicated a two-factor structure solution with acceptable fit indices. DISCUSSION: The PPOM has robust psychometric properties and is now suitable for use research and practice. People who met the clinical criteria for depression where more likely to have lower scores on the PPOM, indicating criterion validity. Future work is needed to establish the PPOM as sensitive to change and to investigate the relationship between hope, resilience and depression further.

Type: Article
Title: The Positive Psychology Outcome Measure (PPOM) for people with dementia: Psychometric properties and factor structure
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2018.03.001
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2018.03.001
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s; reliability; validity; wellbeing
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10044666
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