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Adolescent transition among young people with perinatal HIV in high and low income settings

Judd, A; Davies, M-A; (2018) Adolescent transition among young people with perinatal HIV in high and low income settings. Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS , 13 (3) pp. 236-248. 10.1097/COH.0000000000000448. Green open access

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Abstract

Purpose of review To summarize evidence for health outcomes among adolescents and young people living with HIV (AYLHIV) who have transitioned to adult care/adulthood, views of AYLHIV and providers on the transition process, and the effect of adolescent and youth friendly services (AYFS) on outcomes. Recent findings A total of 43 studies were identified [n = 13 high-income countries (HICs), n = 30 low-/middle-income countries (LMICs)]. In HICs, around 75% of patients were retained in care at approximately 4 years posttransition. In LMICs, retention worsened from older adolescence into young adulthood. Across both contexts, comparisons of mortality, immunological, and virological outcomes were hampered by a limited number of studies and/or different definitions and study durations. AYLHIV and providers reported several factors that could aid transition and AYFS had generally positive outcomes. Summary Overall, outcomes varied by study and context; direct comparison was severely hampered by the inclusion of different populations of AYLHIV (sometimes with small numbers and a lack of comparison groups), the use of different outcome definitions, varying follow-up duration, and the lack of a specific transition process in LMICs. Future studies need to consider harmonizing definitions and implementing unique patient identifiers, and data linkage techniques to improve the evidence base on long-term outcomes.

Type: Article
Title: Adolescent transition among young people with perinatal HIV in high and low income settings
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1097/COH.0000000000000448
Publisher version: https://journals.lww.com/co-hivandaids/pages/defau...
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Inst of Clinical Trials and Methodology > MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10042825
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