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Cerebrovascular Events in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study

Hanly, JG; Li, Q; Su, L; Urowitz, MB; Gordon, C; Bae, S-C; Romero-Diaz, J; ... Farewell, V; + view all (2018) Cerebrovascular Events in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study. Arthritis Care & Research , 70 (10) pp. 1478-1487. 10.1002/acr.23509. Green open access

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, associations and outcomes of cerebrovascular events (CerVEs) in a multi-ethnic/racial, prospective, SLE disease inception cohort. METHODS: Patients were assessed annually for 19 neuropsychiatric (NP) events including 5 types of CerVEs: (i) Stroke; (ii) Transient ischemia; (iii) Chronic multifocal ischemia; (iv) Subarachnoid/intracranial hemorrhage; (v) Sinus thrombosis. Global disease activity (SLEDAI-2K), SLICC/ACR damage index (SDI) and SF-36 scores were collected. Time to event, linear and logistic regressions and multi-state models were used as appropriate. RESULTS: Of 1,826 SLE patients, 88.8% were female, 48.8% Caucasian, mean±SD age 35.1±13.3 years, disease duration 5.6±4.2 months and follow-up 6.6±4.1 years. CerVEs were the fourth most frequent NP event: 82/1,826 (4.5%) patients had 109 events, 103/109 (94.5%) were attributed to SLE and 44/109 (40.4%) were identified at enrollment. The predominant events were stroke [60/109 (55.0%)] and transient ischemia [28/109 (25.7%)]. CerVEs were associated with other NP events attributed to SLE (HR (95% CI): (3.16; 1.73-5.75) (p<0.001), non-SLE NP (2.60; 1.49-4.51) (p<0.001), African ancestry at US SLICC sites (2.04; 1.01-4.13) (p=0.047) and organ damage (p=0.041). Lupus anticoagulant increased the risk of first stroke and sinus thrombosis [2.23 (1.11, 4.45) p=.024] and TIA [3.01 (1.15, 7.90) p=0.025]. Physician assessment indicated resolution or improvement in the majority but patients reported sustained reduction in SF-36 summary and subscale scores following CerVEs (P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: CerVEs, the fourth most frequent NP event in SLE, are usually attributable to lupus. In contrast to good physician reported outcomes, patients report a sustained reduction in health-related quality of life following CerVEs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Cerebrovascular Events in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Results From an International Inception Cohort Study
Location: United States
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1002/acr.23509
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.23509
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: Cerebrovascular events, Inception cohort, Outcomes research, Systemic lupus erythematosus
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Global Health > Infection and Population Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10041388
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