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ForceGen: atomic covalent bond value derivation for Gromacs

Nash, A; Collier, T; Birch, HL; de Leeuw, NH; (2017) ForceGen: atomic covalent bond value derivation for Gromacs. Journal of Molecular Modeling , 24 , Article 5. 10.1007/s00894-017-3530-6. Green open access

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Abstract

A large number of crystallographic protein structures include ligands, small molecules and post-translational modifications. Atomic bond force values for computational atomistic models of post-translational or non-standard amino acids, metal binding active sites, small molecules and drug molecules are not readily available in most simulation software packages. We present ForceGen, a Java tool that extracts the bond stretch and bond angle force values and equilibrium values from the Hessian of a Gaussian vibrational frequency analysis. The parameters are compatible with force fields derived using the second order tensor of the Hessian. The output is formatted with the Gromacs topology in mind. This study further demonstrates the use of ForceGen over the quantum mechanically derived structures of a small organic solvent, a naturally occurring protein crosslink derived from two amino acids following post-translational modification and the amino acid ligands of a zinc ion. We then derive Laplacian bond orders to understand how the resulting force values relate back to the quantum mechanical model. The parameterisation of the organic solvent, toluene, was verified using Molecular Mechanics simulations. The structural data from the simulation compared well with the quantum mechanical structure and the system density compared well with experimental values.

Type: Article
Title: ForceGen: atomic covalent bond value derivation for Gromacs
Location: Germany
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1007/s00894-017-3530-6
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00894-017-3530-6
Language: English
Additional information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Keywords: Force values, Gromacs, Hessian, Laplacian bond order, Molecular dynamics
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Ortho and MSK Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10040818
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