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Hegemony and liberation in World War I: the plans for new Mare Nostrum Balticum

Kuldkepp, M; (2015) Hegemony and liberation in World War I: the plans for new Mare Nostrum Balticum. Ajalooline Ajakiri. The Estonian Historical Journal , 3 pp. 249-286. 10.12697/AA.2015.3.03. Green open access

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Abstract

This article studies the attempts made during World War I to imagine and build post-war Baltic Sea region with German-friendly Sweden as its leading power. Ideas to that effect were formulated and propagated in a transnational cooperation (what I call “the activist movement”) taking place in wartime Stockholm and Berlin. The activist circles included German, Swedish, Finnish and Estonian nationalist region-builders who were drawing on Sweden’s seventeenthcentury legacy as a historical great power, as well as the geopolitical fears and hopes associated with its geographical position. In the article, I will outline the main features of activist thinking that make it, at least in my opinion, a transnational movement, and give an overview of the three different branches of the movement and their political aims. I will also bring a few more concrete case studies as examples of how such plans played out.

Type: Article
Title: Hegemony and liberation in World War I: the plans for new Mare Nostrum Balticum
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.12697/AA.2015.3.03
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.12697/AA.2015.3.03
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the version of record. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: activism, regionalism, Baltic Sea region, First World War
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > SELCS
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10038616
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