UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Working memory matters: a series of case studies evaluating the effect of a working memory intervention in children with early onset otitis media

Faulds, Karen Elaine; (2014) Working memory matters: a series of case studies evaluating the effect of a working memory intervention in children with early onset otitis media. Doctoral thesis , Institute of Education, University of London. Green open access

[thumbnail of EdD Thesis - Library Copy FAULDS.pdf]
Preview
Text
EdD Thesis - Library Copy FAULDS.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (2MB) | Preview

Abstract

Otitis Media (glue ear) delays reading (Kindig & Richards, 2000) by impacting on phonological processing, and may affect working memory development (Mody et al, 1999). Reported links between working memory capacity and school success (Bourke & Adams, 2003; Gathercole, Pickering, Knight & Stegman, 2004), suggest that working memory has a crucial role in learning. Deficits have been linked to anxiety during task performance (Hadwin, Brogan & Stevenson, 2005) and low self-esteem (Alloway, Gathercole, Kirkwood & Elliott, 2009). Sixteen children aged seven to ten with a history of early onset Otitis Media, together with a comparison group of twelve children were assessed on a range of measures of phonological processing, single word and non-word reading, non-verbal reasoning and working memory, and an attitude to self and school rating scale, before and after working memory training. Semi-structured interviews and classroom observations of learning behaviours were used to elaborate the findings from the quantitative data. Significant differences were found between the groups before training in verbal and visuo-spatial short term and working memory, and non-word reading. Following training these differences were no longer significant. Performance in reading and phonological tasks was found to improve for both groups following training. Mean scores for responses to the learning attitudes rating scales were not significantly different before or after training, but large individual differences were found for children in both groups. Case studies are presented of individual children in the Otitis Media group. The results indicate that, as found in previous studies, a history of Otitis Media can result in weaknesses in phonological processes, memory and literacy development, and the original contribution of this study indicates that these may be ameliorated by a working memory intervention. Improvements in working memory did not appear to affect children’s overall learning identities but more positive feelings were found after training for several children.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Working memory matters: a series of case studies evaluating the effect of a working memory intervention in children with early onset otitis media
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Working memory, otitis media, learning identity, reading
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10021618
Downloads since deposit
242Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item