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PROPERTIES OF GRANULAR HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTORS IN AN EFFECTIVE MEDIUM THEORY

CHOY, TC; STONEHAM, AM; (1990) PROPERTIES OF GRANULAR HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTORS IN AN EFFECTIVE MEDIUM THEORY. J PHYS-CONDENS MAT , 2 (4) 939 - 951. 10.1088/0953-8984/2/4/014. Green open access

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Abstract

The authors consider the transport, electromagnetic and thermodynamic properties of a granular high-Tc superconductor by constructing a model of weakly coupled (Josephson junctions) superconducting and normal grains. They start by using an effective medium theory (EMT), for the conductivity and susceptibility, which is supplemented by London electrodynamics for the superconducting grains, in the limit of weak magnetic field and zero transport current. Next the authors assume a Gaussian distribution of junction resistances R, with mean Ro and variance sigma , which determines the Josephson coupling energy between grains. The criterion that this energy must be greater than kT for superconducting clusters enables them to determine the superconducting fraction cs as a function of temperature. With this they complete the determination of the conductivity and susceptibility of their model. The authors also discuss the specific heat, neglecting fluctuations, which is directly proportional to cs, in their approximation. Throughout this paper, they adopt the Ginzburg-Landau (GL) expressions for the energy gap Delta (order parameter), which is valid near Tc and for the specific heat CH, but they allow for possible deviations of numerical coefficients in these expressions from the Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer (BCS) microscopic theory, by introducing phenomenological parameters. The authors find, in accord with experiments, differences between the temperatures of zero resistivity, of resistivity drop and for maximum Meissner effect.

Type: Article
Title: PROPERTIES OF GRANULAR HIGH-TC SUPERCONDUCTORS IN AN EFFECTIVE MEDIUM THEORY
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/2/4/014
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/2/4/014
Language: English
Additional information: Text made available to UCL Discovery by kind permission of IOP Publishing, 2012
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/59625
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