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Agar, J; Balmer, B; (1998) 'British Scientists and the Cold War: The Defence Research Policy Committee and Information Networks, 1947-1963. Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences , 28 (2) pp. 209-252.

Balmer, B; (2010) Keeping Nothing Secret: UK Chemical Warfare Policy in the 1960s. Journal of Strategic Studies , 33 (6) pp. 871-893.

Balmer, B; (2004) How Does an Accident Become an Experiment? Secret Science and the Exposure of the Public to Biological Warfare Agents. Science as Culture , 13 (2) pp. 197-228.

Balmer, B; (2002) Biological Weapons: The Threat in Historical Perspective. Medicine, Conflict and Survival , 18 (2) pp. 120-137.

Balmer, B; (2002) Killing “Without the Distressing Preliminaries”: Scientists’ Defence of the British Biological Warfare Programme. Minerva: a review of science, learning and policy , 40 (1) 57 - 75.

Balmer, B; (1997) The Drift of Biological Weapons Policy in the UK 1945-65. Journal of Strategic Studies , 20 (4) pp. 115-145.

Balmer, B; (1996) Managing Mapping in the Human Genome Project. Social Studies of Science , 26 pp. 531-573.

Balmer, B; (1996) The Political Cartography of the Human Genome Project. Perspectives on Science , 4 (3) pp. 249-282.

Balmer, B; (1995) Transitional Science and the Human Genome Mapping Project Resource Centre. The Genetic Engineer and Biotechnologist , 15 (2-3) 89 - 97.

Balmer, B; (1994) Gene Mapping and Policy Making: Australia and the Human Genome Project. Prometheus , 12 (1) pp. 3-18.

Balmer, B; Davidson, R; Morris, N; (1998) 'Funding Research through Directed Research Programmes: AIDS and the Human Genome Project in the UK'. Science and Public Policy , 25 (3) pp. 185-194.

Balmer, B; Godwin, M; Gregory, J; (2009) The Royal Society and the 'brain drain': natural scientists meet social science. Notes and Records of the Royal Society , 63 (4) pp. 339-353. 10.1098/rsnr.2008.0053.

Balmer, B; Martin, B; (1991) Who’s Doing What in Human Genome Research? Scientometrics , 22 (3) pp. 369-377.

Balmer, B; Sharp, M; (1993) 'The Battle for Biotechnology: Scientific and Technological Paradigms in the Management of Biotechnology in Britain in the 1980s'. Research Policy , 22 pp. 463-478.

Balmer, BL; (2006) A Secret Formula, A Rogue Patent and Public Knowledge About Nerve Gas: Secrecy as a Spatial-Epistemic Tool. Social Studies of Science , 36 (5) pp. 691-722. 10.1177/0306312706063786.

Balmer, BL; (2002) Killing “Without the Distressing Preliminaries”: Scientists’ Defence of the British Biological Warfare Programme. Minerva , 40 pp. 57-75. 10.1023/A:1015009613250.

Balmer, BL; Preventing ‘a virological Hiroshima’: Cold War press coverage of biological weapons disarmament. Journal of War & Culture Studies 10.1080/17526272.2015.1101877. (In press). Green open access

Godwin, M; Gregory, J; Balmer, B; (2009) The Anatomy of the Brain Drain Debate, 1950-1970s: Witness Seminar. Contemporary British History , 23 (1) pp. 35-60. 10.1080/13619460801990088.

Morris, N; Armstrong, V; Balmer, B; (2009) Constructing a safe research environment: Technology talk between researchers and volunteer research subjects. HEALTH RISK SOC , 11 (2) 99 - 116. 10.1080/13698570902784299.

Morris, N; Balmer, B; (2006) Are You Sitting Comfortably? Perspectives of the Researchers and the Researched on ‘being comfortable’. Accountability in Research , 13 (2) 111 - 133.

Morris, N; Balmer, B; (2006) Are you sitting comfortably? Perspectives of the researchers and the researched on ‘being comfortable'. Accountability in Research , 13 pp. 111-133.

Morris, N; Balmer, B; (2006) Volunteer human subjects’ understandings of their participation in a biomedical research experiment. Social Science and Medicine , 62 (4) pp. 998-1008.

Morris, N; Hebden, JC; Bland, T; Balmer, B; (2003) Role of patient feedback in the design and implementation of clinical trials of optical tomography of the breast. Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5138: Photon Migration and Diffuse-Light Imaging , 5138 pp. 12-22.

Various, ; (2007) Special Edition on Middle Range Theory in STS. Science, Technology & Human Values , 32 (6)

Velho, R; Holloway, C; Symonds, A; Balmer, B; (2016) The effect of transport accessibility on the social inclusion of wheelchair users: A mixed method analysis. Social Inclusion , 4 (3) pp. 24-35. 10.17645/si.v4i3.484.

Wyatt, S; Balmer, B; (2007) 'Home on the Range: What and Where is the Middle in Science and Technology Studies?' Introduction to special edition on Middle Range Theory in STS. Science, Technology & Human Values , 32 (6) pp. 619-626.


Balmer, B; (2012) Secrecy and Science: A Historical Sociology of Biological and Chemical Warfare. Ashgate Publishing

Balmer, BL; (2001) Britain and Biological Warfare: Expert Advice and Science Policy 1935-65. [Book]. Palgrave: Basingstoke.

Book chapter

Balmer, B; (2007) How Does Secrecy Work? Keeping and Disclosing Secrets in the History of the UK Biological Warfare Programme. In: Rappert, B and McLeish, C, (eds.) A Web of Prevention: Biological Weapons, Life Sciences and the Governance of Research. (pp. 173-188). Earthscan: London.

Balmer, B; (2006) The British Program. In: Wheelis, M and Rozsa, L and Dando, M, (eds.) Deadly Cultures: Biological Weapons Since 1945. (pp. 47-83). Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Mass.

Balmer, B; (2004) Commentary on T.B. Newman’s The Power of Stories Over Statistics’. In: Hurwitz, B and Greenhalgh, T and Skultans, V, (eds.) Narrative Research in Health and Illness. (pp. 273-275). BMJ: London.

Balmer, B; (2003) Using the Population Body to Protect the National Body: Germ Warfare Tests in the UK after WWII. In: Goodman, J and McElligott, A and Marks, L, (eds.) Useful Bodies: Humans in the Service of Medical Science in the Twentieth Century. (pp. 27-52). Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore.

Balmer, B; (1998) Transitional Science and the Human Genome Mapping Project Resource Centre. In: Glasner, P and Rothman, H, (eds.) Genetic Imaginations: Ethical, Social and Legal Issues in Human Genome Research. (pp. 7-19). Ashgate: Aldershot.

Balmer, B; Gregory, J; Godwin, M; (2013) La migración científica y el debate sobre la fuga de cerebros en el Reino Unido en los años sesenta. (Scientific Migration and the ‘Brain Drain’ debate in the UK in the 1960s) (Canales, AF, Trans.). In: Gómez Rodríguez, A and Canales, AF, (eds.) Políticas y Desarrollo Científico en el Siglo XX. Plaza y Valdes: Madrid. (In press).

Balmer, BL; (2015) The social dimension of technology: The control of chemical and biological weapons. In: Gonzalez, WJ, (ed.) New Perspectives on Technology, Values, and Ethics Theoretical and Practical. (pp. 167-182). Springer: Dordrecht.

Balmer, BL; Moon, J; (2016) The British, United States and Canadian biological warfare programs. In: Lentzos, F, (ed.) Biological threats in the 21st century. World Scientific Publishing: London.

Carter, G; Balmer, B; (1999) Chemical and Biological Warfare and Defence, 1945-90. In: Bud, R and Gummett, P, (eds.) Cold War, Hot Science: Applied Research in Britain's Defence Laboratories 1945-1990. (pp. 47-83). Amsterdam: Harwood.

Gómez, A; Balmer, B; (2013) Las relaciones entre ciencia y política y el modelo del contrato social para la ciencia. (The relationship between science and politics and the social contract model for science). In: Gómez Rodríguez, A and Canales, AF, (eds.) Políticas y Desarrollo Científico en el Siglo XX. Plaza y Valdés: Madrid. (In press).

McLeish, C; Balmer, B; (2012) The Discovery of the V-series Nerve Agents. In: Tucker, J, (ed.) Innovation, Dual Use, and Security Managing the Risks of Emerging Biological and Chemical Technologies. (pp. 273-288). MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.

Rappert, B; Balmer, B; (2009) Replanteando el secreto y la revelación. In: Gómez Rodríguez, A and Canales, AF, (eds.) Ciencia y Fascismo: La Ciencia Espańola de Posguerra. (pp. 303-330). Laertes: Barcelona.

Rappert, B; Balmer, B; (2007) Rethinking “Secrecy” and “Disclosure”: What Science and Technology Studies can offer attempts to govern WMD threats. In: Rappert, B, (ed.) Technology and Security: Governing Threats in the New Millenium. (pp. 45-65). Palgrave: Basingstoke.

Rappert, B; Balmer, B; Stone, J; (2008) Science, Technology and the Military: Priorities, Preoccupations and Possibilities. In: Hackett, E and Amsterdamska, O and Lynch, M and Wacjman, J, (eds.) The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. (pp. 719-740). MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.

Turney, J; Balmer, B; (2000) The Genetic Body. In: Cooter, R and Pickstone, J, (eds.) Medicine in the 20th Century. (pp. 399-415). Harwood: Amsterdam.


Balmer, B; (1992) Gene Mapping and Policy Making: Australia and the Human Genome Project: Report for the Centre for Research Policy, University of Wollongong, Australia. (Working Paper 4 , pp. 1 - 36 ). Centre for Research Policy, University of Wollongong: Wollongong, Australia.

Balmer, B; Martin, B; (1991) Bibliometric analysis of genome research: genetic mapping - number of articles published. (Tables in: European Science Foundation, Report on Genome Research , pp. 22 - 23 ). European Science Foundation: Strasbourg.

Balmer, B; Sharp, M; (1991) The Battle for Biotechnology : Why the British Research Councils Quarreled Over Biotechnology in the 1980s. (DRC Discussion Paper. ESRC Centre for Science, Technology and Energy Policy. 88 ). SPRU University of Sussex: Falmer, Brighton.

Balmer, B; Thomson, B; (1997) Human Genetics in the UK: Regulatory and Advisory Structures, A Special Report by the Genetics Forum.

Digital scholarly resource

McLeish, C; Spelling, A; Balmer, BL; (2016) The problems of prohibition: chemical weapons and the Syrian conflict. [Digital scholarly resource]. http://www.historyandpolicy.org/opinion-articles/a...

Spelling, A; Balmer, BL; (2015) Remembering an overlooked treaty. [Digital scholarly resource]. https://www.theguardian.com/science/political-scie...

Spelling, A; Balmer, BL; McLeish, C; (2015) The Geneva Protocol at 90: An Anchor for Arms Control? [Digital scholarly resource]. https://www.theguardian.com/science/the-h-word/201...


Davies, G; Balmer, B; Barker, K; Doubleday, R; Milne, R; (2008) Locating Technoscience: An on-line reader exploring the geographies of science and technology. UNSPECIFIED

Gregory, J; Godwin, M; Balmer, B; Inventing the 'brain drain'. UNSPECIFIED

Morris, N; Balmer, BL; Hebden, J; Research Volunteers Forum and On-Line Resource. UNSPECIFIED

Revil, J; McLeish, C; Spelling, A; Balmer, BL; (2016) Options for Article X. Harvard Sussex Program, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton.

This list was generated on Sun Oct 23 16:16:04 2016 BST.