Alfè, A; Price, GD; Gillan, MJ; (2000) Thermodynamic stability of Fe/O solid solution at inner-core conditions. Geophysical Research Letters , 27 (16) 2417 - 2420. 10.1029/2000GL011567.
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We present a new technique which allows the fully ab initio calculation of the chemical potential of a substitutional impurity in a high-temperature crystal, including harmonic and anharmonic lattice vibrations. The technique uses the combination of thermodynamic integration and reference models developed recently for the ab initio calculation of the free energy of liquids and anharmonic solids. We apply the technique to the case of the substitutional oxygen impurity in h.c.p. iron under Earth's core conditions, which earlier static ab initio calculations indicated to be thermodynamically very unstable. Our results show that entropic effects arising from the large Vibrational amplitude of the oxygen impurity give a major reduction of the oxygen chemical potential, so that oxygen dissolved in h.c.p. iron may be stabilised at concentrations up a few mol % under core conditions.
|Title:||Thermodynamic stability of Fe/O solid solution at inner-core conditions|
|Open access status:||An open access version is available from UCL Discovery|
|Additional information:||Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union|
|Keywords:||Generalized-gradient approximation, High-pressure, First-principles, Earths core, Energy calculations, Iron, Phase, Feo, Temperature|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Earth Sciences|
UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology
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