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Wear at the Tibio-Femoral articulation of the Total Knee Replacement

Maruthainar, K.; (2010) Wear at the Tibio-Femoral articulation of the Total Knee Replacement. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

Background: Despite improvements in manufacture, sterilization and storage of tibial inserts, polyethylene wear continues to restrict the survivorship of total knee replacements. The problem is particularly evident in the young population undergoing knee arthroplasty. Aims and Methods: The objectives of the thesis were to ascertain: • If polyethylene wear may be reduced by utilizing scratch resistant femoral coats. • The timing of significant femoral scratching in the laboratory setting • If retrieved femoral components exhibited scratches and whether the roughening of the components is significant Results: • Both zirconium oxide and titanium niobium nitride femoral coats provided scratch resistance. However, no polyethylene wear benefit was conferred by the titanium niobium coat. • Significant scratching was noted as early as 100 cycles. • Retrieval specimens exhibited femoral scratching which were of the same orientation of those noted from the simulator studies. Not all condyles had significant roughening. Conclusions: Improving the scratch resistance of femoral components has the potential to improve the longevity of total knee replacements. However, alternate bearing surfaces should be used with caution, as the standard modern day knee replacement allows reproducibility and good mid to long term results which are lacking for alternate bearings. Improvements in polyethylene wear may be achieved by engineering a femoral coat that reduces abrasive, adhesive wear and delamination or by optimizing the ultra high molecular weight polyethylene components.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Wear at the Tibio-Femoral articulation of the Total Knee Replacement
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of) > Institute of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Science

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