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Using triangulation to assess a suite of tools to measure community severance

Mindell, JS; Anciaes, PR; Dhanani, A; Stockton, J; Jones, P; Haklay, M; Groce, N; ... Vaughan, L; + view all (2017) Using triangulation to assess a suite of tools to measure community severance. Journal of Transport Geography , 60 pp. 119-129. 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.02.013. Green open access

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Abstract

There is a lack of tools to identify and measure community severance caused by large roads and motorised traffic, despite the evidence of its negative impacts on local communities. This paper reports the development of a suite of tools to measure and value community severance, undertaken as a part of the Street Mobility and Network Accessibility research project. The tools include participatory mapping, spatial analysis, a video survey, street audits, a health and neighbourhood mobility survey, and a valuation tool based on a stated preference survey. They were tested in the area around Finchley Road, a busy arterial road in North London. The study found that Finchley Road is an unpleasant place for pedestrians due to high traffic levels, air and noise pollution, and the lack and poor quality of pedestrian crossing facilities. This has a negative impact on the mobility and accessibility of local residents and, to some extent, on their health and wellbeing. The analysis showed coherence between the findings from the different measurement tools applied individually, but also revealed interconnections between factors which contribute to severance, demonstrating that overall the suite is reliable for assessing community severance in urban areas. Overall, the paper provides a multidisciplinary approach to developing standardized methods to measure a negative impact of transport that is still relatively unknown.

Type: Article
Title: Using triangulation to assess a suite of tools to measure community severance
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.02.013
Publisher version: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2017.02.013
Language: English
Additional information: © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). The full author listing for this article is as follows: JS Mindell, PR Anciaes, A Dhanani, J Stockton, P Jones, M Haklay, N Groce, S Scholes and L Vaughan.
Keywords: Community severance; Roads; Motorisedtraffic; Pedestrians; Measurement; Tools; Space syntax
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Civil, Environ and Geomatic Eng
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of the Built Environment > The Bartlett School of Architecture
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Dept of Geography
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1542116
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