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The intentional use of lead-tin orange in indian islamic glazes and its preliminary characterization

Gill, MS; Rehren, T; (2014) The intentional use of lead-tin orange in indian islamic glazes and its preliminary characterization. Archaeometry , 56 (6) 1009 - 1023. 10.1111/arcm.12062. Green open access

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Abstract

We describe the historical appearance, composition and texture of a little-known orange pigment in 17th-century northern India. The pigment shares similarities with lead-tin yellow type II, but has between 6 and 7wt% zinc oxide instead of silica as a minor element in its structure, in addition to the dominant lead and tin oxide. The consistency of its occurrence and composition across several important and highly decorated monuments and relatively wide chronological and geographical ranges of use indicate the controlled and intentional production of this pigment. We propose to use the name lead-tin orange for this material, indicating its similarity to lead-tin yellow but highlighting its independent character and distinct colour.

Type: Article
Title: The intentional use of lead-tin orange in indian islamic glazes and its preliminary characterization
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1111/arcm.12062
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12062
Additional information: © 2013 The Authors. Archaeometry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of University of Oxford. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Lead-tin yellow; Lead–tin orange; Glazed tiles; India; Zinc; Characterization; Spot analysis; Characterization; Spot analysis;
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1457862
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