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Economy, corruption or promiscuous voters? Explaining the success of Anti-Establishment Reform Parties in Eastern Europe

Hanley, SL; Sikk, A; (2013) Economy, corruption or promiscuous voters? Explaining the success of Anti-Establishment Reform Parties in Eastern Europe. Presented at: European Consortium for Political Research General Conference, Bordeaux. Green open access

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Abstract

We discuss an emerging group of successful parties in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) that combine anti-establishment appeals with support for moderate policies of political and social reform, which we term anti-establishment reform parties (AERPs). Examples include the Simeon II National Movement (Bulgaria), Res Publica (Estonia), New Era (Latvia), Freedom and Solidarity (Slovakia), TOP09 and Public Affairs (Czech Republic) and Positive Slovenia. We carry out a comparative analysis using the Fuzzy Set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) technique to identify the conditions under which AERPs made electoral breakthroughs in the period 1997-2013. We identify five sufficient paths for AERP breakthrough representing distinct combinations of several causal conditions: high corruption, rising corruption, rising unemployment, previous success of new parties and the previous success of new parties. We conclude by reviewing the implications of our findings for further research.

Type: Conference item (UNSPECIFIED)
Title: Economy, corruption or promiscuous voters? Explaining the success of Anti-Establishment Reform Parties in Eastern Europe
Event: European Consortium for Political Research General Conference
Location: Bordeaux
Dates: 2013-09-05 - 2013-09-07
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
Keywords: Central and Eastern Europe, political parties, populism, corruption, crisis, new parties
UCL classification: UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences
UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > SSEES
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1400421
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