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Design, analysis and multi-criteria optimization of micromixers

CORTES QUIROZ, CA; (2012) Design, analysis and multi-criteria optimization of micromixers. Doctoral thesis , UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

Mixing is a key process in microfluidic systems since that samples and reagents generally need to be mixed thoroughly before chemical or biological analysis or reactions. Micromixers are designed to fulfil this critical process. In general, the development of microdevices is a competitive field that requires from researchers shorter times and lower costs in prototyping. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) helps in reducing the time from concept to device design. Intuition and experience of the designer is usually behind its application on design improvement, by analyzing some physical variables to determine the effect of design parameters and to adjust them accordingly to the pursued objectives. In this thesis, a design and optimization strategy is presented and used for the analysis and design of micromixers. The method systematically integrates CFD with an optimization strategy based on the use of Design of Experiments, Surrogate Modelling and Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm techniques. The aim is to define optimum designs that give the trade-off of the performance parameters, which in this study are the mixing index, defined on the basis of mass concentration distribution, and the pressure drop in the microchannel. Three types of micromixers have been studied and their geometric parameters have been optimized. They are the Staggered Herringbone Mixer and two novel designs, a planar micromixer with baffles in the microchannel and a 3-D T-type micromixer. A completed fabrication method was implemented as part of this thesis work and it was used to fabricate some of the micromixers. Experimental measurements and published data have been used to validate the numerical results. The outcomes of this thesis demonstrate that using advanced optimisation techniques on the basis of CFD solutions and analyses allows the design of optimum micromixers for different operation conditions, which can be set by the designer, without being necessary to use a referential design to start the method.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Design, analysis and multi-criteria optimization of micromixers
Language: English
Additional information: Permission for digitisation not received
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1357309
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