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Non contact surface metrology in a hazardous environment

Brownhill, A.D.; (2012) Non contact surface metrology in a hazardous environment. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

The EFDA-JET tokamak is an experimental fusion device researching fusion as a means of energy production. Inside the toroidal vessel, plasma with temperature in excess of 100 million degrees Celsius is generated and constrained by high power magnetic fields. Additional protection is provided by tiles which clad the inside of the machine. As part of a major upgrade existing heat protective tiles are to be replaced with an advanced design, and renewed interest has been shown in dimensional measurement of the surface. Measurement must occur during shutdown periods where temperature and pressure are at ambient levels. Manned entry is not permissible and all work should be performed remotely. To avoid contamination which could affect the fusion reaction and experimental results, contact with the measurement surface is not permitted. This work assesses non-contact surface measurement technologies, along with standards and guidelines for dimensional surface measurement. Existing measurement test artefacts do not offer the required surface finish and features, so specific test artefacts have been designed and produced. These artefacts are traceable to the national length standard, as traceability is a pre-requisite to evaluate accuracy. Exploratory tests highlighted two technologies for further investigation, laser triangulation and white light fringe projection. Two commercially available, state-ofthe- art examples of each technology have been evaluated using a processing method developed to highlight performance in key areas relevant to EFDA-JET. These areas include quantitative assessments of the effect of surface angle on measurement quality, the effect of depth of field for fringe projection systems and the ability of technologies to record gap and flush from tens of micrometres to millimetres. Tests enable a user to begin to assess the impact the measurement system has on the measurement result, how different technologies and systems used alone or in combination may resolve or compound erroneous results, clarifying or disrupting the meaning of results.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Non contact surface metrology in a hazardous environment
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Additional information:Copyright restricted material has been removed from the e-thesis.
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering

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