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Digital signal processing optical receivers for the mitigation of physical layer impairments in dynamic optical networks

Delgado Mendinueta, J.M.; (2012) Digital signal processing optical receivers for the mitigation of physical layer impairments in dynamic optical networks. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

IT IS generally believed by the research community that the introduction of complex network functions—such as routing—in the optical domain will allow a better network utilisation, lower cost and footprint, and a more efficiency in energy usage. The new optical components and sub-systems intended for dynamic optical networking introduce new kinds of physical layer impairments in the optical signal, and it is of paramount importance to overcome this problem if dynamic optical networks should become a reality. Thus, the aim of this thesis was to first identify and characterise the physical layer impairments of dynamic optical networks, and then digital signal processing techniques were developed to mitigate them. The initial focus of this work was the design and characterisation of digital optical receivers for dynamic core optical networks. Digital receiver techniques allow for complex algorithms to be implemented in the digital domain, which usually outperform their analogue counterparts in performance and flexibility. An AC-coupled digital receiver for core networks—consisting of a standard PIN photodiode and a digitiser that takes samples at twice the Nyquist rate—was characterised in terms of both bit-error rate and packet-error rate, and it is shown that the packet-error rate can be optimised by appropriately setting the preamble length. Also, a realistic model of a digital receiver that includes the quantisation impairments was developed. Finally, the influence of the network load and the traffic sparsity on the packet-error rate performance of the receiver was investigated. Digital receiver technologies can be equally applied to optical access networks, which share many traits with dynamic core networks. A dual-rate digital receiver, capable of detecting optical packets at 10 and 1.25 Gb/s, was developed and characterised. The receiver dynamic range was extended by means of DC-coupling and non-linear signal clipping, and it is shown that the receiver performance is limited by digitiser noise for low received power and non-linear clipping for high received power.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Digital signal processing optical receivers for the mitigation of physical layer impairments in dynamic optical networks
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Electronic and Electrical Engineering

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