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Spectral decompositions and nonnormality of boundary integral operators in acoustic scattering

Betcke, T; Phillips, J; Spence, EA; (2013) Spectral decompositions and nonnormality of boundary integral operators in acoustic scattering. IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis Green open access

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Abstract

Understanding the spectral properties of boundary integral operators in acoustic scattering has important practical implications, such as for the analysis of the stability of boundary element discretisations or the convergence of iterative solvers as the wavenumber k grows. Yet little is known about spectral decompositions of the standard boundary integral operators in acoustic scattering. Theoretical results are mainly available on the unit disk, where these operators diagonalise in a simple Fourier basis. In this paper we investigate spectral decompositions for more general smooth domains. Based on the decomposition of the acoustic Green’s function in elliptic coordinates we give spectral decompositions on ellipses. For general smooth domains we show that approximate spectral decompositions can be given in terms of circle Fourier modes transplanted onto the boundary of the domain. An important underlying question is whether or not the operators are normal. Based on previous numerical investigations it appears that the standard boundary integral operators are normal only when the domain is a ball and here we prove that this is indeed the case for the acoustic single layer potential. We show that the acoustic single, double and conjugate double layer potential are normal in a scaled inner product on the ellipse. On more general smooth domains the operators can be split into a normal component plus a smooth perturbation. Numerical computations of pseudospectra are presented to demonstrate the nonnonnormal behaviour on general domains.

Type:Article
Title:Spectral decompositions and nonnormality of boundary integral operators in acoustic scattering
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version:http://imajna.oxfordjournals.org/
Language:English
Additional information:This article has been submitted for publication in the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis ©: 2012 Timo Betcke. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications. All rights reserved.
Keywords:acoustic scattering, boundary integral operators, spectra, pseudospectra
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Mathematics

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