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Interaction Between the a3 Region of Factor VIII and the TIL'E’ Domains of the von Willebrand Factor

Dagil, L; Troelsen, KS; Bolt, G; Thim, L; Wu, B; Zhao, X; Tuddenham, EGD; ... Hansen, DF; + view all (2019) Interaction Between the a3 Region of Factor VIII and the TIL'E’ Domains of the von Willebrand Factor. Biophysical Journal , 117 (3) pp. 479-489. 10.1016/j.bpj.2019.07.007. Green open access

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Abstract

The von Willebrand factor (VWF) and coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) are intricately involved in hemostasis. A tight, noncovalent complex between VWF and FVIII prolongs the half-life of FVIII in plasma, and failure to form this complex leads to rapid clearance of FVIII and bleeding diatheses such as hemophilia A and von Willebrand disease (VWD) type 2N. High-resolution insight into the complex between VWF and FVIII has so far been strikingly lacking. This is particularly the case for the flexible a3 region of FVIII, which is imperative for high-affinity binding. Here, a structural and biophysical characterization of the interaction between VWF and FVIII is presented with focus on two of the domains that have been proven pivotal for mediating the interaction, namely the a3 region of FVIII and the TIL’E’ domains of VWF. Binding between the FVIII a3 region and VWF TIL’E’ was here observed using NMR spectroscopy, where chemical shift changes were localized to two β-sheet regions on the edge of TIL’E’ upon FVIII a3 region binding. Isothermal titration calorimetry and NMR spectroscopy were used to characterize the interaction between FVIII and TIL’E’ as well as mutants of TIL’E’, which further highlights the importance of the β-sheet region of TIL’E’ for high-affinity binding. Overall, the results presented provide new insight into the role the FVIII a3 region plays for complex formation between VWF and FVIII and the β-sheet region of TIL’E’ is shown to be important for FVIII binding. Thus, the results pave the way for further high-resolution insights into this imperative complex.

Type: Article
Title: Interaction Between the a3 Region of Factor VIII and the TIL'E’ Domains of the von Willebrand Factor
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2019.07.007
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2019.07.007
Language: English
Additional information: © 2019 Biophysical Society. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences > Structural and Molecular Biology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10079361
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