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Identifying important outcomes for young people with chronic kidney disease and their caregivers: a nominal group technique study

Hanson, CS; Gutman, T; Craig, JC; Bernays, S; Raman, G; Zhang, Y; James, LJ; ... Tong, A; + view all (2019) Identifying important outcomes for young people with chronic kidney disease and their caregivers: a nominal group technique study. American Journal of Kidney Diseases (In press).

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Abstract

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has wide-ranging and long-term consequences for young people and their families. The omission of outcomes that are important to young people with CKD and their caregivers limits knowledge to guide shared decision-making. We aimed to identify the outcomes that are important to young people with CKD and their caregivers. STUDY DESIGN: We used the nominal group technique whereby participants identified and ranked outcomes and explained their priorities. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Young people with CKD (stage 1-5, dialysis or transplant) and their caregivers were purposively sampled from six centers across Australia, the United States and Canada. ANALYTICAL APPROACH: Importance scores were calculated (scale of 0 to 1), and qualitative data were analyzed thematically. Results: Thirty-four patients (aged 8-21 years) and 62 caregivers participated in 16 groups, and identified 48 outcomes. The five highest ranked outcomes for patients were survival (importance score = 0.25), physical activity (0.24), fatigue (0.20), lifestyle restrictions (0.20) and growth (0.20), and for caregivers, kidney function (0.53), survival (0.28), infection (0.22), anemia (0.20) and growth (0.17). Twelve themes were identified reflecting their immediate and current priorities (wanting to feel normal, strengthening resilience, minimizing intrusion into daily life, imminent threats to life, devastating family burdens, and seeking control over health) and considerations regarding future impacts (protecting health/development, remaining hopeful, concern for limited opportunities, prognostic uncertainty, dreading painful and invasive procedures and managing expectations). LIMITATIONS: Only English-speaking participants were recruited. CONCLUSIONS: Kidney function, infection, survival and growth were the highest priorities for patients with CKD and their caregivers. Young people with CKD also prioritized highly the outcomes that directly affected their lifestyle and sense of normality, while caregiver’s highest priorities concerned the long-term health of their child, current health problems, and the financial and family burdens of caring for a child with CKD.

Type: Article
Title: Identifying important outcomes for young people with chronic kidney disease and their caregivers: a nominal group technique study
Publisher version: https://www.ajkd.org/
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: pediatrics, chronic kidney disease, nominal group technique, outcomes, qualitative research, priorities
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10065492
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