UCL logo

UCL Discovery

UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Improving specialist drug prescribing in primary care using task and error analysis: an observational study

Chana, N; Porat, T; Whittlesea, C; Delaney, B; (2017) Improving specialist drug prescribing in primary care using task and error analysis: an observational study. British Journal of General Practice , 67 (656) e157-e167. 10.3399/bjgp17X689389. Green open access

[img]
Preview
Text
Chana_BJGP FINAL PAPER FOR PUBLICATION.pdf - ["content_typename_Accepted version" not defined]

Download (198kB) | Preview

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing has benefited from computerised clinical decision support systems (CDSSs); however, no published studies have evaluated the potential for a CDSS to support GPs in prescribing specialist drugs. AIM: To identify potential weaknesses and errors in the existing process of prescribing specialist drugs that could be addressed in the development of a CDSS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Semi-structured interviews with key informants followed by an observational study involving GPs in the UK. METHOD: Twelve key informants were interviewed to investigate the use of CDSSs in the UK. Nine GPs were observed while performing case scenarios depicting requests from hospitals or patients to prescribe a specialist drug. Activity diagrams, hierarchical task analysis, and systematic human error reduction and prediction approach analyses were performed. RESULTS: The current process of prescribing specialist drugs by GPs is prone to error. Errors of omission due to lack of information were the most common errors, which could potentially result in a GP prescribing a specialist drug that should only be prescribed in hospitals, or prescribing a specialist drug without reference to a shared care protocol. Half of all possible errors in the prescribing process had a high probability of occurrence. CONCLUSION: A CDSS supporting GPs during the process of prescribing specialist drugs is needed. This could, first, support the decision making of whether or not to undertake prescribing, and, second, provide drug-specific parameters linked to shared care protocols, which could reduce the errors identified and increase patient safety.

Type: Article
Title: Improving specialist drug prescribing in primary care using task and error analysis: an observational study
Location: England
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.3399/bjgp17X689389
Publisher version: https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp17X689389
Language: English
Additional information: This version is the author accepted manuscript. For information on re-use, please refer to the publisher’s terms and conditions.
Keywords: clinical decision support system, drug prescribing, general practice, primary health care, specialist drugs, Attitude of Health Personnel, Clinical Decision-Making, Decision Support Systems, Clinical, Humans, Medication Errors, Patient Safety, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Practice Patterns, Physicians', Primary Health Care, Quality Improvement, United Kingdom
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > UCL School of Pharmacy > Practice and Policy
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10061268
Downloads since deposit
58Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item