UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Adverse health effects of low levels of perceived control in Swedish and Russian community samples

Lundberg, J; Bobak, M; Malyutina, S; Kristenson, M; Pikhart, H; (2007) Adverse health effects of low levels of perceived control in Swedish and Russian community samples. BMC public health , 7 , Article 314. 10.1186/1471-2458-7-314. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
bobak_pikhart_1471-2458-7-314.pdf

Download (795kB)

Abstract

Background: This cross-sectional study of two middle-aged community samples from Sweden and Russia examined the distribution of perceived control scores in the two populations, investigated differences in individual control items between the populations, and assessed the association between perceived control and self-rated health. Methods: The samples consisted of men and women aged 45–69 years, randomly selected from national and local population registers in southeast Sweden (n = 1007) and in Novosibirsk, Russia (n = 9231). Data were collected by structured questionnaires and clinical measures at a visit to a clinic. The questionnaire covered socioeconomic and lifestyle factors, societal circumstances, and psychosocial measures. Self-rated health was assessed by standard single question with five possible answers, with a cut-off point at the top two alternatives. Results: 32.2 % of Swedish men and women reported good health, compared to 10.3 % of Russian men and women. Levels of perceived control were also significantly lower in Russia than in Sweden and varied by socio-demographic parameters in both populations. Sub-item analysis of the control questionnaire revealed substantial differences between the populations both in the perception of control over life and over health. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the odds ratios (OR) of poor self-rated health were significantly increased in men and women with low perceived control in both countries (OR between 2.61 and 4.26). Conclusion: Although the cross-sectional design does not allow causal inference, these results support the view that perceived control influences health, and that it may mediate the link between socioeconomic hardship and health.

Type: Article
Title: Adverse health effects of low levels of perceived control in Swedish and Russian community samples
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-314
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-314
Language: English
Additional information: © 2007 Lundberg et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Coronary heart-fisease, Self-rated health, Socioeconomic inequalities, Mortality trends, Risk-factors, Social-class, Job control, Divide, Europe, Determinants
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/89243
Downloads since deposit
55Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item