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Common promoter variant in cyclooxygenase-2 represses gene expression: evidence of role in acute-phase inflammatory response

Papafili, A.; Hill, M.R.; Brull, D.J.; McAnulty, R.J.; Marshall, R.P.; Humphries, S.E.; Laurent, G.J.; (2002) Common promoter variant in cyclooxygenase-2 represses gene expression: evidence of role in acute-phase inflammatory response. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology , 22 (10) pp. 1631-1636. 10.1161/01.ATV.0000030340.80207.C5. Green open access

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Abstract

Objective: Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key regulatory enzyme in the synthesis of prostanoids associated with trauma and inflammation. We investigated the COX-2 gene for functional variants that may influence susceptibility to disease. Methods and results: The promoter of COX-2 was screened for variants in healthy subjects by use of polymerase chain reaction-based methods. Promoter activity was investigated by using reporter expression experiments in human lung fibroblasts. Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, with measurements of plasma markers linked to COX-2 activity, were genotyped for association studies. A common COX-2 promoter variant, -765G>C, was found and shown to be carried by >25% of a group of healthy UK subjects. The -765C allele had significantly lower promoter activity compared with -765G, basally (28±3% lower, P<0.005) and in serum-stimulated cells (31±2% lower, P<0.005). In patients subjected to coronary artery bypass graft surgery, the magnitude of rise in levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) was strongly genotype dependent. Compared with -765G homozygotes, patients carrying the -765C allele had significantly lower plasma CRP levels at 1 to 4 days after surgery (14% lower at the peak of CRP levels on day 3, P<0.05 for all time points). Conclusions: For several acute and chronic inflammatory diseases, -765G>C may influence the variability of response observed.

Type: Article
Title: Common promoter variant in cyclooxygenase-2 represses gene expression: evidence of role in acute-phase inflammatory response
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000030340.80207.C5
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.ATV.0000030340.80207....
Language: English
Keywords: Cyclooxygenase-2, promoter variant, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, C-reactive protein, inflammation
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Internal Medicine
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/8333
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