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Contribution structures

Gotel, O.; Finkelstein, A.; (1995) Contribution structures. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Symposium on Requirements Engineering (RE '95). (pp. pp. 100-107). IEEE Computer Society Press Green open access


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The invisibility of the individuals and groups that gave rise to requirements artifacts has been identified as a primary reason for the persistence of requirements traceability problems. This paper presents an approach, based on modelling the dynamic contribution structures underlying requirements artifacts, which addresses this issue. We show how these structures can be defined, using information about the agents who have contributed to artifact production, in conjunction with details of the numerous traceability relations that hold within and between artifacts themselves. We describe a scheme, derived from work in sociolinguistics, which can be used to indicate the capacities in which agents contribute. We then show how this information can be used to infer details about the social roles and commitments of agents with respect to their various contributions and to each other. We further propose a categorisation for artifact-based traceability relations and illustrate how they impinge on the identification and definition of these structures. Finally, we outline how this approach can be implemented and supported by tools, explain the means by which requirements change can be accommodated in the corresponding contribution structures, and demonstrate the potential it provides for "personnel-based" requirements traceability.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Contribution structures
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1109/ISRE.1995.512550
Publisher version: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/ISRE.19...
Language: English
Additional information: ©1995 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: contribution structures, pre-requirements traceability, requirements engineering, requirements traceability
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/747
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