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Impact of DNA ligase IV on nonhomologous end joining pathways during class switch recombination in human cells

Pan-Hammarstrom, Q; Jones, AM; Lahdesmaki, A; Zhou, W; Gatti, RA; Hammarstrom, L; Gennery, AR; (2005) Impact of DNA ligase IV on nonhomologous end joining pathways during class switch recombination in human cells. J EXP MED , 201 (2) 189 - 194. 10.1084/jem.20040772. Green open access

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Abstract

Class switch recombination (CSR) is a region-specific, transcriptionally regulated, nonhomologous recombinational process that is initiated by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID). The initial lesions in the switch (S) regions are subsequently processed and resolved, leading to recombination of the two targeted S regions. The mechanisms by which repair and ligation of the broken DNA ends occurs is still elusive. Recently, a small number of patients lacking DNA ligase IV, a critical component of the nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) machinery, have been identified. We show that these patients display a considerably increased donor/acceptor homology at Smu-Salpha junctions compared with healthy controls. In contrast, Smu-Sgamma junctions show an increased frequency of insertions but no increase in junctional homology. These altered patterns of junctional resolution may be related to differences in the homology between the Slut and the downstream isotype S regions, and could reflect different modes of switch junction resolution when NHEJ is impaired. These findings link DNA ligase IV, and thus NHEJ, to CSR.

Type: Article
Title: Impact of DNA ligase IV on nonhomologous end joining pathways during class switch recombination in human cells
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1084/jem.20040772
Keywords: DOUBLE-STRAND BREAKS, S-MU REGION, SOMATIC HYPERMUTATION, V(D)J RECOMBINATION, MUTATIONS, MECHANISM, IMMUNOGLOBULIN, REPAIR, MICE, AID
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6978
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