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Energy intake at breakfast and weight change: prospective study of 6,764 middle-aged men and women

Purslow, L. R.; Sandhu, M. S.; Forouhi, N.; Young, E. H.; Luben, R. N.; Welch, A. A.; Khaw, K-T.; ... Wareham, N. J.; + view all (2008) Energy intake at breakfast and weight change: prospective study of 6,764 middle-aged men and women. American Journal of Epidemiology , 167 (2) pp. 188-192. 10.1093/aje/kwm309. Green open access

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Abstract

To investigate the association between percentage of total daily energy intake consumed at breakfast and weight change in middle-aged men and women, the authors analyzed data from a prospective population-based cohort study from Norfolk, United Kingdom. Participants were 6,764 men and women aged 40-75 years at baseline (1993-1997). Participants completed a 7-day food diary at baseline, and objective measurements of height and weight were carried out at baseline and follow-up (1998-2000). Mean baseline body mass index (weight (kg)/height (m)(2)) was lowest among persons in the highest quintile of percentage of daily energy consumed at breakfast (mean values were 26.0 in the highest quintile and 26.3 in the lowest quintile), despite higher daily total energy intake in this group. Although all participants gained weight, increased percentage of daily energy consumed at breakfast was associated with relatively lower weight gain (adjusted beta coefficient = -0.021, 95% confidence interval: -0.035, -0.007; p = 0.004). The association between percentage of daily energy intake consumed at breakfast and weight gain was independent of age, sex, smoking, total energy intake, macronutrient intake, social class, and physical activity. Redistribution of daily energy intake, so that more energy is consumed at breakfast and less energy is consumed later in the day, may help to reduce weight gain in middle-aged adults.

Type: Article
Title: Energy intake at breakfast and weight change: prospective study of 6,764 middle-aged men and women
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1093/aje/kwm309
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwm309
Language: English
Keywords: BMI, body mass index; %TEI, percentage of total energy intake
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/6515
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