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Neighbourhood social environment and depressive symptoms in mid-life and beyond

Stafford, M; Mcmunn, A; De Vogli, R; (2011) Neighbourhood social environment and depressive symptoms in mid-life and beyond. Ageing and Society , 31 (6) 893 - 910. 10.1017/S0144686X10001236. Green open access

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Abstract

This prospective study examines the relationship between aspects of the neighbourhood social environment and subsequent depressive symptoms in over 7,500 participants of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Neighbourhood social environment at baseline was operationalised using four items capturing social cohesion and three items capturing perceived safety and associations with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) at two-year follow-up were assessed. Friendship quality and personal sense of control were tested as mediators of this relationship using structural equation modelling. Neighbourhood social cohesion was found to be associated with reporting fewer depressive symptoms independent of demographic and socioeconomic factors and baseline depressive symptoms. Friendship quality and sense of control mediated this association. The study highlights that greater personal sense of control, higher quality friendships and fewer depressive symptoms are found in neighbourhoods seen to be characterised by higher social cohesion.

Type: Article
Title: Neighbourhood social environment and depressive symptoms in mid-life and beyond
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X10001236
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X10001236
Language: English
Additional information: © Cambridge University Press 2011.
Keywords: Friends, Friendship quality, Sense of control, Neighbourhood, Prospective study, Mental health, Public health, Psychological distress, Older adults, Later life, Support, Sense, Multilevel, Crime, Association
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/593375
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