UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

The relationship between dental status, food selection, nutrient intake, nutritional status, and body mass index in older people

Marcenes, W; Steele, JG; Sheiham, A; Walls, AW; (2003) The relationship between dental status, food selection, nutrient intake, nutritional status, and body mass index in older people. Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 19 (3) 809 - 816. 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000300013. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
Sheiham_15884.pdf

Download (66kB)

Abstract

This paper reviewed the findings from a national survey in Great Britain which assessed whether dental status affected older people's food selection, nutrient intake, and nutritional status. The survey analyzed national random samples of free-living and institution subjects for dental examination, interview, and four-day food diary as well as blood and urine tests In the free-living sample, intakes of non-starch polysaccharides, protein, calcium, non-heme iron, niacin, and vitamin C were significantly lower in edentulous as compared to dentate subjects. People with 21 or more teeth consumed more of most nutrients, particularly non-starch polysaccharides. This relationship in intake was not apparent in the hematological analysis. Plasma ascorbate and retinol were the only analytes significantly associated with dental status. Having 21 or more teeth increased the likelihood of having an acceptable body mass index (BMI). Thus, maintaining a natural and functional dentition defined as having more than twenty teeth into old age plays an important role in having a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, a satisfactory nutritional status, and an acceptable BMI.

Type: Article
Title: The relationship between dental status, food selection, nutrient intake, nutritional status, and body mass index in older people
Location: Brazil
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000300013
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2003000300013
Language: English
Additional information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, not for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited.
Keywords: Aged, Body Mass Index, Diet surveys, Eating, Energy intake, Female, Food preferences, Geriatric assessment, Great Britain, Homes for the aged, Humans, Linear models, Male, Mouth, Edentulous, Nutritional status, Odds Ratio, Oral health, Tooth loss
UCL classification: UCL
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/30723
Downloads since deposit
86Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item