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The effect of a large expansion of pre-primary school facilities on preschool attendance and maternal employment

Berlinski, S.; Galiani, S.; (2004) The effect of a large expansion of pre-primary school facilities on preschool attendance and maternal employment. (IFS Working Papers W04/30). Institute for Fiscal Studies: London, UK. Green open access

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Abstract

We provide evidence on the impact of a large construction of pre-primary school facilities in Argentina. We estimate the causal impact of the program on pre-primary school attendance and maternal labor supply. Identification relies on a differences-in-differences strategy where we combine differences across regions in the number of facilities built with differences in exposure across cohorts induced by the timing of the program. We find a sizeable impact of the program on pre-primary school participation among children aged between 3 and 5. In fact, we cannot reject the null hypothesis of a full take-up of newly constructed places. In addition, we find that the childcare subsidy induced by the program increases maternal employment and that this effect is in line with the one previously found for the US.

Type: Working / discussion paper
Title: The effect of a large expansion of pre-primary school facilities on preschool attendance and maternal employment
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1920/wp.ifs.2004.0430
Language: English
Keywords: JEL classification: I28, J13, O15
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of S&HS > Dept of Economics
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2847
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