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High-dynamic-range imaging optical detectors

Coutinho, R.C.; Selviah, D.R.; Griffiths, H.D.; (2002) High-dynamic-range imaging optical detectors. In: Casasent, D.P. and Tescher, A.G., (eds.) Areosense 2002, Targets and Backgrounds VIII: Characterization and Representation. (pp. pp. 41-50). SPIE, International Society for Optical Engineering: Orlando, USA. Green open access

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Imaging spectrometers allowing spatially resolved targets to be spectrally discriminated are valuable for remote sensing and defense applications. The drawback of such instruments is the need to quickly process very large amounts of data. In this paper we demonstrate two imaging systems which detect a dim target in a bright background, using the coherence contrast between them, generating much less data but only operating over a limited optical bandwidth. Both systems use a passband filter, a Michelson interferometer, coupling optics and a CCD camera. The first uses the interferometer in a spatial mode, by tilting one of the mirrors to create a set of line fringes on the CCD array. The visibility of these fringes is proportional to the degree of coherence. The interferogram is displayed spatially on the CCD array, as a function of the path differences. The second system uses the interferometer in a temporal mode. A coherent point target and an extended background are imaged through the interferometer onto the CCD array, and one of the interferometer's mirrors is scanned longitudinally to vary the path difference in time. In both cases the coherent target is detected over a large dynamic range down to negative signal-to-background power ratios (in dB). The paper describes an averaging technique to improve the signal-to-noise ratio and correction techniques required to extract interferograms from the images. The spatial technique developed has the advantage of using no moving parts.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: High-dynamic-range imaging optical detectors
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1117/12.470112
Publisher version: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1117/12.470112
Language: English
Additional information: Copyright 2002 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was published in the proceedings of SPIE (Volume 4735) and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Keywords: coherent imaging, imaging spectrometers, unconventional imaging methods, Fourier transform spectrometry, Michelson interferometers
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Dept of Electronic and Electrical Eng
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2721
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