UCL Discovery
UCL home » Library Services » Electronic resources » UCL Discovery

Effect of beta radiation on success of glaucoma drainage surgery in South Africa: randomised controlled trial

Kirwan, JF; Cousens, S; Venter, L; Cook, C; Stulting, A; Roux, P; Murdoch, I; (2006) Effect of beta radiation on success of glaucoma drainage surgery in South Africa: randomised controlled trial. BRIT MED J , 333 (7575) 942 - 994A. 10.1136/bmj.38971.395301.7C. Green open access

[img]
Preview
PDF
2420.pdf

Download (94kB)

Abstract

Objective To evaluate whether beta radiation may offer a practical method of improving surgical success for glaucoma drainage surgery in South Africa.Design Double blind, randomised controlled trial.Setting Three public hospitals in South Africa.Participants 450 black Africans with primary glaucoma.Interventions Trabeculectomy with 1000 cGy beta radiation or standard trabeculectomy without beta radiation (placebo).Main outcome measures Primary outcome measure was surgical failure within 12 months (intraocular pressure > 21 mm Hg while receiving no treatment for ocular hypotension). Secondary outcomes were visual acuity, surgical reintervention for cataract, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.Results 320 people were recruited. beta radiation was given to 164; 20 (6%) were not seen again after surgery. One year after surgery the estimated risk of surgical failure was 30% (95% confidence interval 22% to 38%) in the placebo arm compared with 5% (2% to 10%) in the radiation arm. The radiation group experienced a higher incidence of operable cataract (18 participants) than the placebo group (five participants; P = 0.01). At two years the estimated risks with placebo and beta radiation were, respectively, 2.8% (0.9% to 8.3%) and 16.7% (10.0% to 27.3%).Conclusion beta radiation substantially reduced the risk of surgical failure after glaucoma surgery. Some evidence was, however, found of an increased risk for cataract surgery (a known complication of trabeculectomy) in the beta radiation arm during the two years after surgery.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of beta radiation on success of glaucoma drainage surgery in South Africa: randomised controlled trial
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38971.395301.7C
Publisher version: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/ articles/PMC16337...
Keywords: OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA, INTRAOCULAR-PRESSURE, LONG-TERM, CLINICAL-TRIAL, VISUAL-ACUITY, TRABECULECTOMY, IRRADIATION, INTERVENTION, ADJUNCT, AGIS
UCL classification: UCL
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Ophthalmology
URI: https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/2420
Downloads since deposit
323Downloads
Download activity - last month
Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads by country - last 12 months

Archive Staff Only

View Item View Item